Among all the child-related injuries, burns are one of the most common. Burns do not have to happen just around fire, as exposure to chemicals or scalding from hot water can also cause them. They can also be very painful, and in some cases, cause disfiguration that can bring about emotional trauma to a burned child as well. Constant vigilance is required if children are to be adequately protected from burns.
Types of Burns
Burns are classified into different degrees based upon their severity. The different classifications of burns are:
- First Degree Burns – This type of burn results whenever only the outer layer of skin is burned. These burns are considered the least serious, and can often be treated with over-the-counter medications.
- Second Degree Burns – This involves burning of the outer layer of skin along with the second layer or dermis. They are characterized by blisters, extreme swelling, and serious pain, and require immediate medical attention.
- Third Degree Burns – These happen whenever all layers of the skin are burned. Muscle, bone and fat cells may sometimes be affected as well, thereby causing permanent damage. Surgery may be needed to bring the child as close to normal condition as possible.
Even first or second-degree children burns can be considered more serious whenever they affect the hands, feet, buttocks or groin area. If burned areas cover a large portion of the body, or any one wound is more than three inches in diameter, the severity of the burn is also increased.
Result of Negligence in Houston
Most burns among children in Texas are the result of negligence on the part of another. Some common causes for burns include:
- faulting wiring
- propane tank explosions
- physical contact with corrosive chemicals
- faulty smoke detectors or fire extinguishers
- spilling very hot water
Those who work with children on a regular basis in Houston, Texas should take reasonable precautions to ensure that kids are not burned while in their care. This means limiting access to hazards and providing proper supervision, among other things. When the right safety measures are not put in place, those who failed to enact them could be held liable for damages during legal proceedings.